|Creator/Compiler||Gibeon Elden Bradbury|
|Repository||Dyer Library Archives & Special Collections|
|Bulk Dates||Correspondences are 75% of the collection, 1880-1952|
|Collection Size||4 linear feet|
Elden Bradbury (GEB) was born in 1833 in Salmon Falls, a section of
Buxton, Maine, and lived there for most of his life. He was the son of
Nathaniel Scamman Bradbury and Lucy Sawyer Bradbury. His father was a
tailor; the family moved to Saco in 1845 or 1846 so that Nathaniel
Bradbury could work for his friend Daniel Merrill Owen, who had a
successful tailoring business in Saco. Nathaniel Bradbury died in 1848,
leaving Gibeon to care for his mother for a few years until her second
marriage to Mr. Foss. In 1851, Mr. Owen got a place for Gibeon in the
shop of a carriage painter, J.P. Miller. Here he ornamented vehicles
including carriages, grocery carts, wagons, sleighs, and beef wagons.
In 1860, Gibeon married Jane Bixby Akers (JBB) of Hollis, Maine, sister
of the sculptors Paul and Charles Akers. She was called “Jennie
B.” by her family and Jeannie” by Gibeon.
In 1860, Gibeon Bradbury, Sr. established his own business in Portland, ornamenting wagons and sleighs and painting banners, flags, and signs. After a few years, not earning much money in the city, he and Jennie returned to Salmon Falls. He continued to ornament wagons in Saco and Biddeford, working in these cities during the week and returning to Salmon Falls on weekends. Bradbury made his living as an ornamental painter during the 1850’s and 1860’s and continued to supplement his income in this way throughout his life. However, he struggled to be considered an artist rather than a craftsman and spent hours sketching from nature and painting landscapes. As he developed a group of customers, he also painted floral and fruit still life and portraits. Bradbury used a variety of methods to sell his work. By the 1860’s he had established local clients who purchased landscapes, pictures of house, still lifes and portraits. He also painted pictures as wedding gifts. He exhibited his work at art expositions at local and county fairs and attempted to sell his paintings through dealers in Biddeford, Saco and Portland. Making a living was a challenge throughout his life. Gibeon Bradbury had a large group of friends and correspondents. He was a gifted musician who accompanied singers on his violin. He also made furniture, frames and violins and designed rugs and quilt blocks. In the 1870’s and 1880’s he taught painting to local students. His paintings are in various public and private collections in the Saco area, and his seven volumes of diaries are in the Maine Historical Society in Portland. In 1878, the Bradburys’ only child, Gibeon Elden Bradbury, Jr. (GEB, Jr.) was born. His father called in “Lad.”. Jennie died in February 1896 and Gibeon Sr. died in 1904. Gibeon, Jr. became a teacher and married Maud Bradbury (MB) in 1905. Gibeon and Maud had three children,
two sons and a daughter. Their son, Herbert, died in 1916.
Gibeon Bradbury Family papers are composed primarily of correspondences
to Gibeon Elden Bradbury (GEB), his wife, Jennie (JBB), and his son,
Gibeon Elden Bradbury, Jr. (GEB, Jr.). The correspondences are arranged
chronologically, with folders of letters at the beginning for which
only the month is known or for which there are not dates known. These
letters primarily addressed to GEB and JBB. There follows a small group
of letters and documents dated from 1800 through the early 1850’s
addressed to various Bradbury’s, including Nathaniel; a few are
addressed to GEB. Next comes a large segment of the Collection, dated
1855 through 1904, consisting of letters addressed to GEB and JBB from
friends and relatives.
Many letters are from Jennie’s brother, Charles Akers, living in New York City. Most are personal correspondence and touch on the activities, health and travels of the correspondents and of the Bradburys’. Some also talk about Bradbury’s work and his efforts to sell his paintings. Condolence letters on the deaths of JBB in 1896 and GEB in 1904 are also found in the collection. After 1905 the letters are primarily addressed to Gibeon Elden Bradbury, Jr. (GEB, Jr.) and his wife Maud (MBB). Many letters from 1906 are to GEB, Jr. from MB while he was living in Westerly, Rhode Island and she was ill at home in Maine. Numerous letters from 1916 are sympathy notes to MB on the loss of her infant son Herbert. The last letter to MB are dated 1926. The last correspondence in the collection is dated 1952. Unfortunately, the Maine History Volunteer who indexed the letters
removed all the envelopes and kept them together—separate from the letter. Other materials includes a large collection of photographs, miscellaneous journals, old deeds and miscellaneous supporting documents.
|Provenance||There are some museum accession records and Deed of Gifts for a portion of this collection. Tia Bradbury and Catherine Tonis have donated individual items that were added to this collection. This manuscript this collecton was transferred from the York Institute (now Saco Museum) to the Library’s Archives as a repository site. The Saco Museum still houses Bradbury's paintings and other artifacts. Provenance is incomplete and more research needs to be done.|
|Series Descriptions||Series 1. Correspondences. This
series was actually processed by a volunteer from the Maine History
Room. 70% of the correspondences were index. This index identifies each
letter in the collection. For each piece, an indes of the person to
whom the letter is addressed, the person who
wrote the letter, the date of the letter, and a brief synopsis of its contents are noted on individual index cards. The other 30% of the correspondences around broken down into groups: GEB Sr., Jennie Bradbury, and Bradbury family letters.
Series 2. Personal Journals and Ledgers. This series comprises of journals. Some are identified by Gibeon Bradbury’s name. Others are journals used as scrapbooks for recipies. While others are payment books. Although some of the journals are clearly Gibeon Sr., there are some which may have belonged to Gibeon, Jr., One particular Personal Journal belonged to Gibeon Sr., but has references to Gibeon Jr. making the date range for this journal 1846 through the early 1900s.
Series 3. Genealogy. Documents showing early family tree. Bradbury—Scammon names.
Series 4. Deeds, Contracts, Legal Documents. This series comprises of 19th century land deeds, contract, receipts. Special note: birth certificate of Phoebe Bradbury, GEB Jr.’s daughter. We also have a large number of legal documents pertaining to the Akers (Acres) family.
Series 5. Photographs. A large group of photographs including cabinet cards, Cartes de visites, Albumen prints, gelative silver prints. Only a few are identified. (Click HERE for photographic index for MMS 51)
Series 6. Miscellaneous supporting documents and ephemera. Calling cards, news clippings
and magazine articles, poetry, recipes and miscellaneous ephemera.
Series 7. Artifact. Hair from both Gibeon Elden Bradbury and Jeannie B. Akers and dried flowers.
|Organizaton of Series||Series 1. Correspondences [1800-1952]
Series 2. Personal Journals & Ledgers [1860-1940]
Series 4. Deeds, Contracts, Legal Documents. [n.d., 1814-1871]
Series 5. Photographs. [1865-1916]
Series 6. Miscellaneous supporting documents [n.d., 1864-1935]
Series 7. Artifacts